Tag: cropping

How To Crop In Lightroom – resize your images for printing and web in Lightroom

I don’t know how about you, but I always found it hard to understand every aspect related to image size. Image crop, pixel dimensions, aspect ratio, resolution… everything seemed difficult to me. I have even met a few people, including professional photographers who feel the same. However, I didn’t let myself get discouraged, and so my quest for knowledge began. I read a lot of articles, learned more about tools, including the crop tool and I watched quite a few tutorials on how to crop an image and took a few Lightroom Classic courses and presets, (click here). Today I want to share with you the useful things I’ve learned. Let’s start with some fundamental concepts of “how to crop photos” and then we would move on to more complicated things like how to crop or resize your landscape or portrait images from library module (present in the menu line) for both printing and web. And maybe next time, I could teach you how to achieve winter scenes with Lightroom. Let’s get started and know more about the best ways and the tips to crop!

Pixel dimensions in Lightroom

This is one of the most important concepts regarding photos. The pixel dimension of your photo is telling you how many pixels your photo has, like 1000, 2000 or 3000 pixels. With Lightroom classic, you can know the pixel dimensions of your image by clicking “I” on your keyboard (when you have your image in Loupe mode, see image below). Using a keyboard shortcut always helps as it allows you to access things easily. You will start a cycle of information overview in the photo. By clicking “I” once, you will be able to access the file name, the date and time you took the photo and the pixel dimensions. When you click ‘I” again, you will see the settings of your photo (aperture, shutter speed..) and if you click “I” one last time, all the information disappears automatically.

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In this image, the pixel dimensions were 4928 pixels width and 3264 pixels height. This is the dimension of my photos straight from my camera (Nikon D7000).

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Aspect ratio in Lightroom Classic

My photos, when taken straight from the camera, have a ratio of 3:2, meaning that image is 1.5 times wider than higher. This ratio is determined by the sensor of my camera and is significant when it comes to composition. I have a Nikon D7000 and its sensor has a ratio 3:2, so my photos are 3:2 too. This ratio is common for sensors of both full-frame SLRs and crop sensor cameras.

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This photo has its original aspect ratio of 3:2.

Other types of cameras have an aspect ratio of 4:3.

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This photo has a 4:3 ratio. You can see the difference with the previous image with 3:2 ratio. This one is a bit more squarish.

The aspect ratio affects the composition of your photos because it determines the frame size that will contain the elements of the image. Different frames might need different placement of the elements results in a pleasant photo.

Angle Slider in Lightroom

It is one of the Lightroom classic Crop Tool Options. The angle slider will allow you to rotate the photo as per your choice with the help of a slider. The crop handles on the portrait image can also be used. Once you move the cursor outside the crop handles, a curved arrow is what you get automatically that allows you to directly rotate the photo on the photo.

Straighten tool in Lightroom

Straightening is easily done with the help of a straighten tool, you can do the following –

To rotate the image at the time of editing, all you need to do is place the pointer right outside the corner. Inside the crop box, you would be able to see a grid being displayed, meanwhile, the image rotating behind it.

Use the straighten tool from the toolbar for the straightening of the image.

The crop tool in Lightroom can be found after clicking on the Develop tab. The tab is located at the top section right next to the Library module tab available on the menu. There you can choose the Crop and Straighten tool as it easily crops photos and results in straightening.

QUICK TIP – To access the crop and straighten tool right, you can also use the keyboard shortcut, which is “R.”

Do you know any other way of straightening the image? Do tell us!

How can you Straighten an Image in Lightroom by using Straighten tool?

If you wish to straighten the image with the help of the Lightroom Crop Tool, all you have to do is click OUTSIDE the cropping frame as well as cropping handles. Once you do this, the tool to crop will turn into a “curved arrow,” thereby, allowing you to rotate the crop to straighten the image. It alters the image composition but that really doesn’t matter.

Did you like this quick tutorial and the tip?

Cropping in Lightroom Classic changes the aspect ratio of your image

When I first got the Lightroom, the one thing that I instantly noticed was the crop tool. Its working is very different than the crop tool I used in Photoshop. No, I never said that hated the tools in Lightroom, however, it took some editing and time for me to get used to it. I hope that every info that I share in this article helps you make friends with Lightroom’s Crop Tool.

Where can you search or find the tool to crop in Lightroom?

The tools to crop can be found on the toolbar right above the Basic Panel which is located in the Develop Module. You can identify it if you see the rectangle tool with a grid inside. The tools to crop can also be activated by using a Keyboard shortcut – “R” key.

You can click and drag as it changes the aspect ratio of your photos in adobe photoshop with the help of crop tool in the Develop module. Using the tools becomes very easy whenever you are trying to crop an image. Let’s get started to find out.

All those who are in the Library Module (present in the menu line) or something else, simply utilize the module menu present at top right. As an alternative, you may even click the D key.

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Cropping tool in lightroom classic allows you to select from a variety of cropping ratios like 1:1 (square format), 4×5, 5×7 and more. It may affect the image composition. A crop tool in adobe photoshop helps you in removing the unwanted part of the image in one go. All you have to do is select the image from the Library module (present in the menu line).

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The cropping tool in Lightroom has a section dedicated to the Aspect (ratio) of the photo. If you click on the little arrows next to the lock icon you will be able to choose from a selection of standard aspect ratios. To maintain the proportions of aspect ratios, make sure that the lock icon is closed (You can close and open the specific lock by clicking on the lock icon itself). When the lock is opened, you can get a custom made aspect ratio. A crop tool, thus, helps in saving your time as well. Isn’t using the tool to crop easy?

When you crop an image, you reduce its pixel dimension too.

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After cropping my image with the help of a Lightroom crop tool to an aspect ratio of 1×1 (square), the pixel dimension changes from the original 4928 x 3264 pixels to 3264 x 3264 pixels. By cropping it, I kept the length of the image (3264 pixels), but I reduced its width (from 4928 to 3264 pixels).

The crop tool in adobe photoshop also allows you to select just one section of your photo by clicking on selected parts of the cropping area (image below) and dragging until you get the element you want to the frame and place it as you want. You can do editing or adjust the position of your photo by clicking inside the cropping area (a little hand will appear in your cursor) and dragging the photo around. If you are familiar with any keyboard shortcut, you may use it to open various tools such as a crop tool easily.

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The blue arrows mark the points in the cropping frame where you can click and drag to changes the size. Make sure that the lock icon in the aspect section of the cropping tool is closed in order to maintain the aspect ration dimension (in this like 1 x 1) while you crop or resize the image and get it custom made.

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Once you are happy with your cropping area, press enter or click the Done button in adobe photoshop and that’s all! Your photo is cropped! Notice again that after cropping an image its pixel dimension changes. What you will create by cropping in Lightroom classic in this way is resizing your image while keeping a particular aspect ratio.

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The Lightroom Develop Module

First, go to the library module in order to get started. There, you should select the images that you wish to process or crop. Finally, click on the Develop module in the Module Picker. Also, you may press the D button on the keyboard if you wish to open a specific photo in the Develop module (present in the menu line).

Image resolution

Here is where things get complicated! The image resolution is the number of pixels you have in a certain space. It is usually measured in pixels per inch (PPI). So a 72ppi image will have 72 pixels in an inch, a 100ppi image will have 100 pixels in an inch and so on. In Lightroom Classic, you set the resolution of your photo in the Export dialog. You can get to the Export Dialog by pressing “Export” in the Library module. Alternatively, you can also use a keyboard shortcut in adobe photoshop.

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Here is the Export dialog of lightroom classic. The section that interests us today is “Image sizing”.
If you are a beginner and you don’t want to get into technicalities (I understand you because this can get confusing!!), I can give you a tip or a rule for picking a resolution for your image. The first thing you should do is decide whether you want to print your photo or you want it to be used as a digital image. This is where you also decide how much area of the image you want to crop.

Printed images

If you are going to print your image, a good resolution is 300ppi. If you are going to create or print canvas, a resolution of 150ppi is good enough. Take into account that the pixel dimension of your photo together with your resolution will determine the size in inches/cm of your final printed photo. I will explain more like this –

I have a photo that has 3000 x 3000pixels. If I print it at 300 pixels by inch, doing the math (3000pixels divided by 300 pixels by inch) I get that my final print will be 10 x 10 inches. What happens if you don’t like this size…then you will need to crop or resize it and get it custom made by using the right tool! I will tell you the same via a quick tutorial in the following section.

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Digital image

It is more or less agreed that 72ppi is a good resolution for digital photos because this is the resolution of a screen. You can even get a screen with 100ppi and even 150ppi. But with a digital image, the important thing is how big your file will be (in MBs, that is). A higher resolution image weighs more Mb and this means that uploads and downloads to the web (social media, website or blog) will be slower. For that reason, it is usually accepted that a resolution of 72ppi is good for the web (a perfect balance between a screen with good enough resolution and small enough files to create things fast on the web).  If you prefer to use a higher resolution image on the screen it will be at expenses of loading speed on your websites, so it is up to you to decide what is more important: higher resolution or faster loading speeds.

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The resolution of this image is 72ppi. It should be a good resolution for the screen where your photo might be displayed.

Image sizing in Lightroom during export

You might need to crop or resize your image to a certain size of inches/cm (if you are printing them) or to certain pixel dimensions (if you are uploading your photos to social media or to your website, your image needs to have certain dimensions). No problem! You can also do it in Lightroom Classic (in the Export dialog).

Lightroom Classic offers you several options for resizing your images. To keep it simple, today I am going to explain to you the one that I use for resizing my image: crop or resize to fit the long edge.

resize images LightroomWhen you mark the “Resize to fit”, you will be able to open specific options to crop or resize your image. The one I use the most is the “Long edge”. Sometimes I will use the “Short Edge” option. Alternatively, you may even use a keyboard shortcut in adobe photoshop.

Do you like the information given here? Tell us in the comment section!

Imagine that you want your final printed image to be 20 inches wide. So how do you do it and save time. In the case of my rose photo, the width corresponds to the long edge of my photo because it is in landscape orientation. I keep the resolution in 300ppi because it is a good one for printing. I write 20 inches for the long edge and I select the units to inches. That’s all!! Now my image will be 20 inches wide and it will keep the 300ppi resolution!

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For digital images, its working is the same. Imagine that you want to post your photo in a Facebook album. In 2016, one of the sizes Facebook recommend is 2048pixels. In that case, you keep your resolution to 72ppi, the Long edge will be 2048 and the units should be “pixels”. Your photo is ready for Facebook!!

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For resizing portrait images you might find the “Resize to fit the short edge” useful in Lightroom because the short edge will determine the width of your photo. And if you want to learn more, click here.

That’s all for today!! Resizing images can get really complicated, but I wanted to keep it simple. Tell me if you find this article useful! Is your search over now? Also, if you know or learn any keyboard shortcut that might make resizing or cropping easy in Lightroom, do tell us in the comment box or send us a mail on our email address.  To all the professional photographers, have a happy resizing in adobe photoshop!!

How about achieving awesome winter scenes, are you interested?  If you are, just click this link to know more.

Cropping in Photography – Unleash Your Composition Potential

When I started to write this, I wanted to learn a little about why we have the 3:2 aspect ratio that is the sensor format for full-frame digital cameras and before that, 35mm film in the analog days of yore. Good luck getting a straight answer from history. My theory is there wasn’t a good reason and it was all just arbitrary.

Film lore has it that in the late 1880s, the inventor Thomas Edison and his assistants needed a film format for their movie cameras and Kodak happened to have film strips 70mm wide (don’t ask me why George Eastman—Kodak’s founder—chose that size). I suppose 70mm would have made the movie cameras a tad large, so they split the film in half and the 35mm result became Hollywood’s standard.

About 30 years later, Oskar Barnack of Leitz invented a “miniature” the camera which he loaded with rolls of movie film. Again, rather arbitrary if you ask me; the film format was there and he adopted it. And for many, many decades people were pretty much stuck with 35mm cameras whether they liked it or not. There are times when we consumers are mere sheep.

This completely over-abbreviated history lesson leads me to the topic of cropping. There are people out there who fervently believe proper photography technique involves “cropping in the camera,” or, “filling the frame.” That is, moving in, zooming in, moving out, zooming out until they absolutely nail the composition without a single wasted pixel in the final picture. They abhor the idea of cropping an image after they’ve shot it and as a matter of pride, won’t trim anything out of the frame. I will admit this makes sense to a degree. For the price of, say, getting a little closer, you won’t lose any resolution by having to crop deep into the image.

Yeah, but history suggests the format many of us use was arbitrary from the beginning, so to shackle our freedom of expression to someone else’s idea of size and proportion seems pretty ridiculous. Instead, I make my cropping decisions based on the subject I’m photographing. Many times, as I look into the viewfinder I visualize the final product and realize it will be better as perhaps a square or trimmed on the ends to 4:5 ratio. Or, hey, let’s throw out conventional formats altogether and go panoramic wide! Whatever makes sense for the image.

forest scene 6_mini
I found this cedar in the Hoh River rainforest. Uncropped, it’s not bad, but I found whenever I looked at it, I couldn’t decide where my eyes should go.

Granted, I occasionally forget my own advice and try to stick with what the camera gives me. Take this shot of a monster cedar in the Hoh River rain forest of Washington state’s Olympic National Park. After passing many specimens, some even larger than this lad, I chose a tree for its fluted bark surrounded by enough open space that I could set up my camera, a Canon EOS-1D X with a 16-35mm lens set at 32mm. The light, although a tad flat (it had been raining off and on), was pleasantly diffuse and was made for a black and white rendering.

So here’s the trap I stepped into: I felt as though I had to choose between landscape or portrait formats. Well, after all, it was a tree, I thought, so portrait made perfect sense. That would suggest the trunk went way beyond the top of the frame. That’s how I shot it.

Unfortunately, as I worked on it in Lightroom and Photoshop, trying to bring out the bark’s texture and contours, I found my eyes uncomfortably flitting about the image unable to settle on the very thing I was trying to show. Yet, at first, I insisted that I keep the original framing without any cropping. Sometimes, you just get dogmatic without knowing why. Finally, I allowed myself the freedom to experiment by setting Lightroom’s cropping tool to a 1:1 ratio.

With the top and a sliver of the bottom cropped off, the beautiful bark at the base is obviously the focal point of the shot. Plus, there’s something calm about a square picture.

Boom! My eyes stopped wandering in search of a subject and the photograph was reborn.

With this example in mind, here are some of the things I consider when cropping:

What’s the real subject?

If there’s too much surrounding background because of the sensor format, crop it out and zero in on what you want to show. That background is often unnecessary and usually distracting. Yeah, I know, there are exceptions, but first understand your reasons for why you composed the shot the way you did and why you want to keep whatever it is you save from cropping destruction.

There was just a little too much sky in the original, uncropped image (left) and it competes with the beautiful field in the foreground. So I admitted my lack of compositional judgment at the time I took the picture and knocked off a little piece of the shot. No pixels were harmed and it looks better to me.

Is there a bright area?

That’s pulling the viewer’s attention away from the subject? Sometimes you can easily deal with this by bringing down the bright areas with Lightroom’s Highlights slider in the Develop module. Then again, if that doesn’t work, trim out part or all of the offending brightness. I can’t tell you how many times I cropped out a bright sky just because it was annoying and completely improved the image.


If something doesn’t seem right, play around with Lightroom’s crop tool. Nick a little off a corner and see what happens, or just try the different ratios supplied with the tool.

Don’t be afraid to fix mistakes

Maybe you allowed a wayward tree branch to stick through a corner and it can be easily chopped out. Or, there’s too much space above your portrait subject’s head. Perhaps, you blew the composition, but by simply readjusting the crop, it will look better. Whatever you do, don’t feel like a failure just because you didn’t get it right in the camera.

This was a hastily shot photo of a nun in Siena, Italy. In Lightroom, I first leveled the road a bit, but not all the way and cropped to a 4:5 format to not only zoom in a bit on her but to crop out the out-of-focus, bright pavement in the foreground. Her blue habit now contrasts nicely with the old wall without anything else getting in the way of a simple moment.

You need to fix a horizon line or straighten out a building

Oh, well, distortion happens. There are several ways to tweak an image to eliminate the issue. I usually start at Lightroom’s Transform tab and go for the automatic solutions. Is the horizon off? Hit Level and see what happens. A building looks like it’s tipping over? Try Auto, Vertical or Full. One of them might correct the image.

Overall, I’m not suggesting you be a slob about composition, thinking you can fix the picture later, but I am saying that just because some engineer or designer thought your camera’s aspect ratio was just right, doesn’t mean you have to obey them.

(The opening photograph was taken in Yosemite National Park on the Pacific Crest Trail. Shot with a 10-stop neutral density filter to get a 30-second exposure and thus smooth out the water, I cropped to about a 4:5 aspect ratio because the sides were dark shadows that added absolutely nothing to the picture.)